Pregnancy is a dream of every married couple. Many couples are trying hard to conceive, but unsuccessful. There are many underline problems which became hardle in pregnancy many doctor’s start with fertility medications that are extremely effective. These drugs helped many infertile women to get pregnant, don’t worry if you are facing infertility. Make appointment with your doctor and take medicine. Here we dicuss about some fertility medicines and there effects on body.
When Do Women Need Fertility Drugs?
It is suitable in following health issues:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Ovulation problems
- Thyroid disorders
- Eating disorders
- Weight problems
- Hormones issues like FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) levels
- Menstrual cycle irregular
[READ ALSO: HERBAL REMEDIES FOR PCOS]
What Are The Best Fertility Drugs For Women?
All fertility drugs are formulated to help in ovulation, but make sure to dicuss with your gyneacologist before taking any medication for conception.
1. Clomiphene citrate:
Clomiphene citrate causes ovulation by stimulating the pituitary gland. It is prescribed for women having PCOS or other ovulation issues. It is also recommended for improving production of eggs in women with regular ovulation.
- The oral medication should be taken for five days during the initial phase of the menstrual cycle, for up to six menstrual cycles.
- It is found to work on almost 80% of women, of which half were able to get pregnant.
- The drug increases the likeliness of multiple pregnancies with almost 10% chance of twins, and less than 1% chance of triplets or more.
- It is available under the brand names of Clomid and Clomifene.
Letrozole is also used to stimulate ovulation. The oral medication activates the brain to make more FSH, to induce ovulation and release eggs. It works for women with PCOS, and in normal women to improve the productions of eggs.
- The medication should be taken for five days during the initial phase of the menstrual cycle
- Women resistant to clomiphene citrate demonstrate 30% ovulation rate with the use of letrozole.
- It is available under the brand name Femara.
3. Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG):
hMG is a combination of hormones FSH and LH. These hormones mainly stimulate ovaries to produce and ripen eggs. Gonadotropins are useful for women who have healthy ovaries but cannot ovulate (develop eggs). This usually happens when there are problems with the pituitary gland.
- It is an injectable medicine, usually given subcutaneously.
- They are injected two to three days after the periods start, for up to seven to twelve days.
- It is the best alternative to clomiphene.
- The drug is available under the brand names Menopur, Pergonal, and Repronex.
4. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH):
This medication also works like hMG by stimulating the ovaries to produce more follicles and thereby more eggs.
- It is an injectable drug.
- The course of treatment lasts for ten to 12 days, depending on the time it takes for the eggs to mature.
- It is available under the brand names of Gonal, Follistim, Fostimon, Bemfola, Puregon, Pergoveris and Bravelle.
5. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG):
The injectable medication stimulates the eggs to mature and rupture.
- It is given as the final trigger in ART treatment. .
- It is available under the brand names Choragon, Ovitrell, Pregnyl, and Profasi.
6. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists:
GnRH antagonists are prescribed for women who are treated with Controlled Ovarian Stimulation (COS) technique, which is used along with IVF. They work by suppressing the production of FSH and LH, which otherwise stimulate ovaries to release eggs. In this way, GnRH antagonists prevent spontaneous ovulation and allow the eggs to mature only at the time of IVF treatment.
- They are available as injections.
- They are usually combined with the IVF treatment.
- Are available under the brand names of Lutrepulse and Factrel.
NOTE: This is an awareness and informational article. Always consult your doctor or health care provider before taking any medicine.