Almost 1% of children suffer autism . Autism impairs the ability of the person to communicate and engage in social interactions, and is identified by the presence of repetitive behaviors.
8 curiosities and things you did not know about Autism:
In this article we will review a total of eight discoveries about this disorder .
1. Geniuses with autism:
Leading thinkers, scientists and musicians such as Isaac Newton, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Beethoven, Immanuel Kant and Albert Einstein have been studied by Michael Fitzgerald, British psychiatrist at Trinity College Dublin, who concluded that all of them suffered some degree of autism .
2. Skull higher than average:
Those affected by autism secrete higher hormone levels involved in physical growth , such as growth factors type 1 and type 2 insulin, compared with people who do not suffer from this disorder.
This peculiarity could explain why head circumference of autistic people is greater, as a recent study warned of Cincinatti University published in Clinical Endocrinology .
3. Indifference to the opinions of others:
An investigation by the California Institute of Technology notes that people with autism feel total indifference to what others think or think of them . In reaching this conclusion, the researchers contrasted the behavior of financial donations to the NGO UNICEF.
It was compared with two different situations: the first when the donor made the donation without any company, and the second when it was observed by another (or others) subjects.Participants without autism donated larger amounts when another person was present, because the amount concerned was perceived as an indicator of its social reputation before others. In the case of people with autism, the amounts contributed not differ depending onthe situation. The results were published in the journal PNAS .
4. They process information more effectively:
People with autism enjoy a superior ability in processing information compared with the general population, a fact that could reveal the surprising percentage of autistic persons whose occupation is in the field of high technologies , as claimed by various research conducted in the United Kingdom.
In addition to this improved information processing, are also more adept at discriminating the fundamental information that is not. The study was published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology .
5. The morphology autism face:
The face of children with autism have some characteristics, as noted by a recent study that was published in the journal Molecular Autism .
They have mouths and slightly wider than the average eye , the greater proportion of front and middle of the face (cheeks and nose) subtly smaller.
Newborns with low birth weight and premature have a probability of 500% of developing autistic disorder than those born at nine months and average weight, as indicated by a study published in Pediatrics that collected data for over twenty years.
7. Developmentally positive:
Some genes that influence the development of autism might have had an evolutionary efficiency in our ancestors, because They provided greater capabilities in visual and spatial intelligence , concentration and memory skills that allowed more efficient hunters and gatherers individuals.
8. Mirror Neurons:
Those affected by autism have a greater predisposition to suffer problems in their social relations , as they have limitations in their ability to show empathy in human interactions. A study that came to light in the journal Biological Psychiatry found that this condition is due to alterations in the system of mirror neurons (neurons that empower them to understand and anticipate the claims and reactions of others), which are developed much slower than in people without autism manner.
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