ASTHMA…. is a chronic (long-term) disease that relates with the narrowing and inflammation of the lungs airways. It causes coughing, recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness and shortness of breath. The coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning. It approximately affect around 8.6 percent of children and adolescents in the United States, making it one of the most common chronic childhood diseases.
Third leading cause of hospital stay is Asthma. Sign and ASTHMA SYMPTOMS are the same for children as for adults; which include wheezing, coughing, breathing problems, and chest tightness. However, asthma in children may be severe because of smaller airways. Causes of asthma remain unclear, studies shown that it is a respiratory condition may arise as a result of environmental and genetic factors.
According to the researchers of this latest study – including Dr. Olga Gorlanova of the University Children’s Hospital Basel (UKBB) and the University of Basel, Switzerland – breast-feeding could protect against such symptoms in children with 17q21 gene variants located on chromosome 17 – with increased risk of childhood asthma.
Respiratory symptoms reduced by 27 percent due to breast-feeding:
According to researchers data included from 368 infants who were part of the Basel-Bern Infant Lung Development birth cohort in Switzerland. The researchers assessed the breast-feeding status in the first year of life as well as genetic profile of each infant, and they gathered data on occurrence and severity of respiratory symptoms.
The risk of respiratory symptom development was 27% lower among children who carried the 17q21 gene variants, on the weeks they were breast-fed. On the weeks these children were not breast-fed, respiratory symptoms were more likely to arise. Dr. Gorlanova says this study is the first to show that breast-feeding can alter the effect of gene variants known to raise asthma risk, in order to reduce respiratory symptoms in early life.