WHAT IS ASTHMA?
Asthma is a respiratory condition marked by attacks of spasm in once bronchi of the lungs. It is a chronic disease that involves the airway in the lungs. Sometime it is harder for a person to breathe air in and out who suffer with asthma, but at other time their breathing is perfectly normal. The main question is that about asthma: is it curable?
If you have suffering from this illness your airways are always inflamed and when something triggers your symptoms, then they becomes more swollen. It result in difficulty in breathing and irritation in respiratory system because this makes it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. Mostly people have allergic asthma because there is extreme chances that a person with asthma also have allergies.
A large number of world population affected with this disease and this is one of the leading causes of work and school absences.
CAUSES OF ASTHMA:
It is not clear why some people get asthma attacks but other people don’t get it. There is number of question that rises in our mind about asthma, but research shows that it is probably due to a combination inherited and environmental factors.
The main causes of asthma are as follows:
- Respiratory infection just like common cold during childhood.
- Airborne allergens in which dust, pollen, mold and animal dander are involves.
- Parents who have asthma(an inherited tendency to develop allergies)
- Due to some physical activity.
- Pollutant and irritant which are present in air especially smoke.
- Due to the use of certain medicines such as beta blocker, naproxen, aspirin and Advil.
- Due to certain food additives.
- Weather conditions such as extremely dry and windy weather.
IS ASTHMA CURABLE?
The bad news is that asthma is incurable disease. But with good treatment and timely medication person can easily live their normal and active life.
WHAT IS AN ASTHMA ATTACK / EPISODE?
Asthma attack or episode can come suddenly without any previous indications and can be mild or severe. Some time condition may be leading to chronic which may be long-lasting.
What happens during asthma attack?
- Those muscles which are around the airways that supply air to and from the lungs starts tighten up and narrowing the passage. It is usually known as bronchospasm.
- Air flow affected and low air is able to pass from airways.
- Swelling makes the lining of airways sensitive which further narrowing the airway.
- Flow of air badly disturbed because thick mucus than normal is produced in the airways.
For all these factors inflammation, bronchospasm and production of thicker muscus it causes following symptoms such as
- Chest pressure and pain
- Tightened neck
- Severe coughing and difficulty in breathing
- Heavy sweating
- Difficulty talking
- Blue nails and fingernails
ASTHMA IN CHILDREN:
In United States almost 10 to 12 % children effected to asthma. Asthma is surprisingly increases in children with no visible reasons. Asthma attack and symptoms at once begin without any age limit, and these symptoms are same as in adults. Wheeze in children is not the basic sign of asthma while heavy coughing is the obvious sign of asthma. But when
- Constant coughing while child is asleep or doing exercise.
- Worsen attack during any viral infection.
Should call to the immunologist or allergists at once.
SEE YOUR PHYSICIAN:
Those who are suffering from asthma should consult to their health care doctor. He/she will guide the patient that what triggers the asthma symptoms and how to get rid of it. Doctors will also prescribed the asthma medicines which will help to manage the asthma.
With the passage of time, experience will help the patients to learn how to keep away those things which causes irritation in the airways, and when to take medicines. This will help you to better control on asthma and take full part in daily activities.
CONSEQUENCES OF NOT CONTROLLING ASTHMA:
In United States and Western Europe, most of the child’s school absenteeism is due to asthma illness problem in children. Because if patients not control their asthma issues they will miss their school and work more often and will not participate in social activities.
WOMEN MENSTRUAL CYCLE AFFECTS ASTHMA:
Research studies reveal that during ovulation time frame 14 to 16 days of monthly cycle women with asthma feel worsen in these days. Patients with asthma, chain smokers and whose body BMI is more than 24 experiences more cough rounds during and immediately after the ovulation.
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