Pregnancy after marriage is a dream of every couple, because children fill the colour in married life. The people all over the world, who are overweight or obese is at an all-time high at risk of making baby. Because being obese directly effect the men or women fertility level. Excess weight is straight away linked to many adverse health consequences, but the good news is that it could be reversed the negative affect if you control and maintain the healthy weight.
In women a well-balanced level of hormones regulates the menstrual cycle. If some one experienced light or even heavy bleeding it means they are at edge of hormonal disturbance. Studies revealed that being overweight and obese have higher levels of a hormone called leptin, which is produced in fatty tissue, which can lead to disturb hormone balance and may reduced fertility level in women. Weight has directly relate to fertility as more weight gain (more abdominal fat) the greater the risk of fertility. The fact is that excess abdominal fat, is linked to insulin resistance which decreased the levels of sex hormone-binding globulin.
As women faces irregular menstrual cycles, which reduces fertility to manifolds. Study states that women who were obese less likely to conceive within one year after marriage, than women in the normal weight range according to her BMI. Women with a body mass index (BMI) above 26 to 30 are three times more likely than women in the normal weight range to be unable to conceive because they don’t ovulate.
- Obesity even increased the risk of anovulation (when no egg is released by the ovaries).
- Obese women could still ovulate, but the quality of the eggs they produce is reduced.
- Obese women who ovulate, with BMI above 29 reduces the chance of achieving a pregnancy within 12 months by about 5%.
- The women with a BMI of 35, the likelihood of getting pregnant within a year is 25 % lower, and for a woman with a BMI of 40 it is 44 % lower compared with women with a BMI between 21 and 30.
- Those couples who choose IVF option to conceive, the chance of a live birth is lower for obese women than for women with BMI ranges to 22 to 25.
In men, obesity is also associated with lower fertility. This is likely due to a combination of factors,such as hormone problems, sexual dysfunction, Type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea, which are both associated with lowered testosterone levels and erectile problems. Studies revealed that by carrying an extra 10 kilo weight reduces male fertility by 10 %. Obesity not only reduces sperm quality, but it also changes the physical and molecular structure of sperm cells leads to infertility.
There is some good news too, weight loss can reverse the negative effects of health. Weight-loss interventions, particularly those that include both diet and exercise, can promote menstrual cycle regularity and improve the chance of pregnancy. In obese women with anovulatory infertility, even a modest weight loss of 5-10% improves fertility and the chance of conceiving.Lastly, both men and women are twice as likely to adopt positive health behavior changes if their partner does too. So becoming pregnant will be more likely if you choose healthy fat-free diet and daily exercise together.