Breast cancer is mainly associated with female but it doesn’t means this issue is only related with women. Even men and males are also its victim but the good news is that breast cancer in males are quite rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue and most common in older age. But there is no significant studies that men with older ages are only its victim it can occur at any age. Every one men out of 100 may be its victim.
Men diagnosed with male breast cancer at an early stage have a good chance for a cure. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the breast tissue. Other treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may be recommended based on your particular situation.
The survival rate of males with breast cancer are, quite good but if it detected in early two stages. Survival rates vary depending on each man’s diagnosis and treatment. On average, 84 % as likely as men in the general population to live 5 years beyond their diagnosis. The 10-year relative survival rate for men with breast cancer is 72 %.
Self Examination Of Breast
You may examine your breast your self by following method;
Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer In Males
Some most common and visible symptoms of male breast cancer can include:
- A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue.
- Changes to the skin covering your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling.
- Changes to your nipple, such as redness or turn inward.
- Discharge from your nipple.
- Change the size of breast or nipple.
Breast cancer can commonly spread through lymph nodes under the arm or around the collar-bone. It may cause a lump or swelling there with pain or sometimes without pain. Then the original tumor in the breast tissue is large enough to be felt.
These changes aren’t always caused by cancer. For example, most breast lumps in men are caused by gynecomastia (a harmless enlargement of breast tissue). Still, if you notice any breast changes, you should see a health care professional as soon as possible.
When to see a doctor
Make an early appointment with your health care provider if you have any persistent signs or symptoms or pain that may persist and not gone or if you may notice any discharge from nipples.
Factors that increase the risk of male breast cancer include:
- Older age. The risk of breast cancer increases as age increases. Male breast cancer is most often diagnosed in men after 60s. But this is not always happen sometimes early aged male have this issue too.
- Exposure to estrogen. If you take estrogen-related drugs, such as those used for hormone therapy for prostate cancer, your risk of breast cancer is increased.
- Family history of breast cancer. If you have a close family member with breast cancer, you have a greater chance of developing the disease.
- Klinefelter’s syndrome. This genetic syndrome occurs when boys are born with more than one copy of the X chromosome. Klinefelter’s syndrome causes abnormal development of the testicles. As a result, men with this syndrome produce lower levels of certain male hormones (androgens) and more female hormones (estrogens).
- Liver disease. Certain conditions, such as cirrhosis of the liver, can reduce male hormones and increase female hormones, increasing your risk of breast cancer.
- Obesity. Obesity is associated with higher levels of estrogen in the body, which increases the risk of male breast cancer.
- Testicle disease or surgery. Having inflamed testicles (orchitis) or surgery to remove a testicle (orchiectomy) can increase your risk of male breast cancer.