In pregnancy women mostly faces gestational diabetes, and babies born to women with either diabetes or gestational diabetes(diabetes that arises during pregnancy)—are at greater risk for birth complications according to a new study.Complications related to this can be serious which may include malformations,low blood sugar and according to the new Italian study baby born are either too large or too small.
During a pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes can result in poor outcomes. A team led by Dr. Basilio Pintuadi, with the Niguarda Ca’ Granda Hospital in Milan, he analyzed the delivery outcomes of pregnant women for a study, with either diabetes or gestational diabetes who gave birth to one baby between 2000 and 2012.
The researchers used computer models to calculate the women’s risk for certain complications, after taking the women’s age, drug use, and other health issues such as high blood pressure into account.This analysis included a total of more than 135,000 pregnancies. Out of these, 1,357 of the pregnant women developed gestational diabetes, and another 234 women had diabetes before they became pregnant.
Now comparison were made between the pregnancy outcomes of the women with diabetes and gestational diabetes to the pregnancy outcomes of women who didn’t develop any type of diabetes.
Women who are suffer from diabetes had a 36 times higher risk for having a baby with low blood sugar, while the women with gestational diabetes are at a risk of 10 times higher, according to study. Research showed that women with gestational diabetes had a 70 percent higher risk for having either a small or large baby, or an infant with jaundice. These women were also having more chances to require a C-section, or to give birth to a baby with malformations or low levels of calcium and magnesium, the study found.
According to some new researches, scientist emphasize the importance of pre-conception care to aware women for optimizing one’s diabetic control prior to getting pregnant, in order to improve outcomes.Meanwhile, women who are already facing diabetes and get pregnant had a nearly six times higher risk for having a small baby and approximately nearly eight times greater risk for having a large baby.
The risk of jaundice in babies of these women is about 2.6 times higher. The risk for low levels of calcium and magnesium was nearly 10 times higher, and the risk for C-sections among women with diabetes was 8.5 times greater and the risk for malformations was also 3.5 times higher,the study found.
The study was observational, that it couldn’t prove cause-and-effect meaning that it could only have point to associations. The researchers also noted some other health problems, such as high blood pressure and thyroid disorders, are associated with worse pregnancy outcomes.
Dr. Jennifer Wu is an obstetrician-gynecologist with Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. She agreed that “babies of diabetics and gestational diabetes face significantly higher risks. Proper diagnosis and observation of these patients is essential and may help to catch an early risk factor.”