WHAT ARE MOOD DISORDERS?
Our lives are punctuated by many sorts of emotional situations that can make our lives either easy or more difficult and these situations may affect our moods too.
Mood is a predominated state of mind due to some specific emotions such as anxiety or illness etc. Human feels a wide range of emotions that can be expressed by thousands of ways. These emotions are either good or bad and may be pleasant or unpleasant. Normally people controls their emotions and its corresponding affects because the reason is that the intensity of their emotions is not overwhelming.
Mood disorders are much common especially depression, which affects one in five people at some way in their lives. Mood disorders do not distinguish. They can affect children and adults in any age as there is no matter what their educational background , social circles or gender.
- DEPRESSION: Depression is a very serious mental health disorder basically a“ psychiatric condition”. It is a prolonged period of extreme feeling of sadness and loss of interest.
It is known by various medical terms some of which are as follows:
- Clinical depression.
- Major depressive disorder.
- Persistent depressive disorder.
- Dysphoric disorder.
- Bipolar disorder (commonly known as manic-depression): When period of depression prolonged it alternates with manic stage of extreme excitement, energy and irritability. These mood swings do not proved good for health because they are sometime uncontrollable and frequent.
SYMPTOMS OF MOOD DISORDERS:
Some symptoms of mood disorders are as follows:
- Feeling sad and dull (low).
- Low self-esteem or irritability.
- Loss of sexual desires.
- Fatigue feelings or rapidly loss of energy.
- Feelings of guilt.
- Low appetite and without dieting loss of weight.
- Slowed movements and speech.
- Difficulty in sleeping.
- Worsened ability to make decision.
- Lack of facial expression or eye contact.
- Tearful eyes and appearing miserable.
- Thoughts of suicide or death.
- Feeling helpless.
- Feelings of hopelessness.
CAUSES OF MOOD DISORDERS:
Their causes are not fully understood. It is likely to caused due to some complex mixture and combination of factors.
- Genetic or heredity.
- Disturbances of certain hormones.
- Environmental changes.
- Long-term consumption of drugs.
- Parkinson’s diseases.
- Functioning abnormalities of brain circuits.
- Medical illness
- Chronic stress conditions
- Poor stress management strategies.
- Chronic pain syndromes.
The treatment of mood disorders are available that can be managed in primary care by a general practitioner. These necessary components should be used for the management of mood disorders:
- Detailed and comprehensive diagnostic assessment followed by evidence based treatment plans.
- By supporting discussing practical solutions to stress problems.
- Psychotherapy talking therapies or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- By educated themselves regarding their illness.
- Treatment with drugs antidepressants.
It is a talking therapies for depression along with cognitive behavioral therapy.Interpersonal therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are the main types of psychotherapy. These therapies are used to encourage the regaining of control over extreme mood.
- CBT is used to take control over negative thought
- Interpersonal therapy proved beneficial to improve certain effect of relationships.
Antidepressant medication is a typical method for the treatment of depression. It’s work to restore neurotransmitters. Usually prescribed antidepressant medicines are escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), fluoxetine (Prozac) etc. Medication may take time especially in chronic stage rather than non chronic or acute stage.
MOOD STABILIZING DRUGS ADDICTION:
None of the list of medication are considered to be addictive,but if you suddenly ceases to take your medicine, you may be practiced the system of withdrawal. You have also a great risk of experience a relapse of your mood disorder if you stop taking medication. in the case of any trouble, ask your doctor how you should stop taking this medicines.
Drink a lot of water while taking medicine to stay hydrated, and never take more than the prescribed by your doctor, always carefully read the leaflet of medication. If you observed any symptoms of toxicity go to the emergency of nearby hospital.
MEDICATION SIDE EFFECTS:
Long term used of antidepressants causes side effects which are usually mild. Common side effects are;
- Blurred vision.
- Dry mouth.
- Increased appetite.
- Sexual problems etc.
- An active and healthy lifestyle including exercise.
- maintain good personal hygiene.
- cut down on alcohol.
- strong social support network.
- good company and keeping yourself busy.
These are particularly effective methods in the treatment and prevention of depression.