The placenta is a large organ that develops during pregnancy. It will maintain the baby’s life up until their birth. It is attached to the inner uterine wall and is connected to the mother’s umbilical cord. The placenta performs many vital functions, such as;
- Delivering nutrients, microelements, and oxygen to the fetus.
- Blood from the mother passes through the placenta, filtering oxygen, glucose and other nutrients to the baby via the umbilical cord.
- Placenta creating a protective barrier. The placenta allows you to share your blood system with your baby which protects them from germs.
- It keeps the mother’s blood separate from the baby’s blood to protect the baby against infections. Towards the end of the pregnancy, the placenta passes on antibodies to protect the baby after birth.
- It producing hormones. placental lactogen takes part in metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. Progesterone and estrogen prevent uterine contractions before childbirth and prepare the uterus for labor.
What are signs or symptoms of placental problems?
Consult your health care provider during pregnancy if you have:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Uterine contractions
After the normal viganal baby birth mother will continue to have mild contractions. So patient will have to give one more push to deliver the placenta. Sometimes abdominal massaged or will be given an injection of oxytocin and the umbilical cord will be gently pulled to help deliver the placenta. If you have a caesarean section, the doctor will remove the placenta at the same time of birth.
It is important that the whole placenta comes out after pregnancy. If any fragments of the placenta stay inside, they will have to be surgically removed to prevent bleeding and infection.