WHAT IS VAGINAL YEAST INFECTION?
Yeast infection is basically a fungal infection. Fungus are normally lives in human vagina in very small amount of numbers but when these cells are multiplied in numbers and growing in vagina it means infection starts. This is very common infection in females and not usually have serious concern. About 5% females get five or more vaginal yeast infection in one year. These yeast infection is normally caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans.
Healthy female vagina has many bacteria and little amount of yeast cells. Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria is very helpful to keep yeast cells under control.
CAUSES OF YEAST INFECTION:
When the amount of Candida albicans increases in female vagina it leads towards yeast infection. There are many causes of its growth some are;
- When you are taking the antibiotics to treat another infection of the body so by the use of antibiotics normal balance of germs in vagina out and it caused infection.
- In pregnancy. Most of the female complaints about vaginal infection during first few weeks.
RISK FACTORS OF YEAST INFECTION:
Risk factor of yeast infection increases in number of conditions such as ;
- If you are pregnant.
- If you are suffering from diabetes and blood sugar is out of control.
- Estrogen high dose if you are taken through hormonal birth control.
- Use of vaginal spray.
- By taking antibiotics or steroids.
- weakened immune system such as from HIV.
SYMPTOMS OF VAGINAL YEAST INFECTION:
- Possible signs and symptoms of vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans are as follows;Extreme itching in and around vaginal area.
- Painful urination.
- Pain during intercourse.
- Burning and redness in vaginal area.
- Swelling of the vagina and the vulva.
- Soreness in vagina.
- Thick white vaginal discharge without smell.
These symptoms are sometimes appears during the week before periods cycle starts or rarely when you are taking antibiotics to treat another body infection. Symptoms may be severe or mild depends about conditions. But if symptoms are mild enough wait to see if it settles by its own otherwise should consult to doctor.
EXAMS AND TEST:
If the symptoms are not mild should go to doctor. He/she prescribe some test which may be;
- Urine test
- Pelvic examination to see swelling, redness or soreness of vulva skin in the vagina or dry white spots which indicates the infection and also cracks on skin.
- Vaginal discharge is examined through microscope.
- Culture is taken when infection comes again and again.
Many treatment are available in market for vaginal yeast infection in the form of vaginal creams, tablets, ointments and suppositories. You can treat this infection at home by yourself if;
- you are not pregnant.
- mild symptoms.
- do not have pain in pelvic region or fever.
- if it is not your first yeast infection.
PREVENTIONS FROM VAGINAL INFECTION:
Some preventions are taken which helps to subside the infection such as;
- Always keep the genital area dry and clean.
- Avoid soaps which causes irritation only use water for rinse the area.
- Sitting in warm water but not take hot baths.
- Avoid douching.
- Avoid using vaginal sprays, powder or fragrances in the genital area.
- Avoid using tight panties or shorts. Always use cotton panties avoid silk and nylon panties.
- Avoid tampons only use pads.
- Keep your blood sugar control.
- Using condoms to avoid spreading infection.
IS YEAST INFECTION TRANSMITTED THROUGH SEXUAL ACTIVITY?
Yes , yeast infection may transfer through your sexual partner if he/she suffering from infection. To avoid this yeast infection through partner use of condoms and dental dams which help to prevent the possible effects of infection. Because it may pass through anal sex, oral or vaginal sex.
- IF PARTNER IS MALE, infection rate is low. 15% of male partners get itchy rash on the penis area if they are doing unprotected sex with female having yeast infection. Should see to a doctor if symptoms continues.
- IF PARTNER IS FEMALE, risk rate is higher than male. Because female have more chances to contact with vaginal yeast infections. Female should go to doctor for examination and further tests.
YEAST INFECTION DURING PREGNANCY:
There are more chances in pregnancy to come across with vaginal yeast infection. Should consult to you doctor at first priority. It is safe to treat it with vaginal creams or suppositories, rather than oral treatment because some medicines are not consider safe during pregnancy and causes birth defects.
YEAST INFECTION IN BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS:
Yeast infection is transmitted through milk and moisture in mother but it is different from vaginal yeast infection. Because it is caused by the excessive growth of fungus over the breast area. Some symptoms are;
- Cracked skin of nipples.
- Itching and pink blistered nipples.
- Pain in nipples after or during breastfeeding.
- Soreness in nipples.
- Achy breast area.
If you are suffering from any of above signs and symptoms should go and see a doctor for proper advise.